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Common Foundation Problems and Repairs | HydroHelp911

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Shift happens, but we can restore and protect it.

Is the cement beneath your home in distress? Foundation dilemmas can lead to significant architectural damage within your house. Whether you’re a homeowner or a buyer, foundation concerns are scary, and you likely have numerous questions.

Fortunately, there are techniques to repair a concrete foundation without cutting it out and starting from scratch.

If you suspect trouble, do the following:

  • Check the base yourself for possible concerns.
  • Have a restoration specialist do a home foundation review.
  • Discuss with a structural engineer if required.

What Are the Symptoms of Foundation Problems?

All foundations will settle over time, but problems emerge when the settlement is uneven or excessive.

Here are the common indications of foundation stress:


  • Disconnection around garage doorway, windows, and drywall
  • Split blocks
  • A broken and damaged foundation
  • Dislodged moldings


  • Misaligned gates and window panes
  • Damaged sheetrock
  • Cracks in basement
  • Uneven decks

Bulging platforms, cracked walls, and doorways that won’t close are all marks of foundation distress. The problem occurs when only a portion of the foundation expands or settles, causing cracks and other damage.

Variations in soil dampness primarily create this differential change. Conversely, loss or gain of soil moisture can produce severe reduction or swelling.

Suppose the house frame does not begin to distort until after three or more years of satisfactory performance. In that case, it is doubtful that the distortion is caused by full-depth foundation settlement, which is always evidenced by matching cracks. Instead, damage occurs at each side of the foundation wall bearing downward shift caused by soil bearing malfunction.

Settlement cracks are approximately always vertical and should not mix with damages when a wall is subjected to a lateral shift from soil pressure.

What Causes Foundation Problems?

For the great majority of the damage, water is the prime culprit. Variations in moisture cause soil elements to expand or shrink, commencing to movement below your basement.

Your assets may be more sensitive to foundation destruction if:

  • It was developed on expansive clay
  • It was built on inadequately compacted fill soils
  • The area throughout the foundation has inadequate drainage
  • You live in a room with extreme seasonal fluctuations
  • You encountered a plumbing leak underneath your residence
  • Tree roots are growing nearby to your residence
  • An earthquake, flood, or drought arbitrated the construction

Those most critical soils in clay are frequently more sensitive, while those most under are the least affected. In some areas, the change is insignificant; in others, it is pretty noticeable.

When unstable clays are utilized as a base, the action is transferred to the foundation. Since soil change is unusually uniform, the foundation is suppressed to a differential or outbreak. The problem confers in both slab and pier and beam sort of foundations.

If all the clay beneath a foundation expands uniformly, there is typically no problem. Problems occur, nevertheless, when simply part of the house settles. Then, the differential change creates cracks or additional damages.


  • Destruction over the structure
  • Loss of real estate price
  • Tripping risks
  • Hideous cracks
  • Machinery breakdowns

Whatever the situation, settlement can damage the condition of your home and even render it unstable. If you see symptoms of failure, don’t delay in getting the problem resolved. The longer you wait, the deeper your foundation will sink, creating further expensive damage.


Hairline cracks are a typical result of an average basement settlement. Nevertheless, you should be worried if large cracks develop abruptly. For instance, if a crack is more extensive than an eighth of an inch, you could have a potential foundation issue.

If unsure, observe the cracks in your basement. If they remain to expand, call HydroHelp911 to investigate the damages.

Repairing Concrete Foundations

Past procedures for the restoration of sunken cement have varied. Wood, concrete, cement, and steel have been discharged, pushed, applied, or anyhow forced into the dirt trying to recover these foundations and slabs, while early on, anyone and everyone, trained or untrained, grew “specialists” at this type of restoration. Yet, frequently as not, determined the repairs to be petty.

The two most popular methods of this kind of repair are slab jacking and hydraulic jacking (also acknowledged as piering).

In a slab jacking process, grout is elevated underneath a slab or beam to generate a lifting force that restores the part to its initial elevation.

In piering, steel columns are pushed through unstable soil, and hydraulic jacks are applied to raise or maintain concrete slabs induced by differences in the underlying soil. The repair technique used depends on the type of distress being managed.

Choosing the Right Repair Method

Before choosing a repair process, you must decide what is causing the trouble. Analyze moldings and trim planks, mortar joints in the masonry veneer, and windows in low areas. Additionally, take note of the recent climate. Surprisingly dry or wet weather can create movement in the underlying clay.

The most commonly applied method of correcting smaller slabs of sunken cement, such as household slabs, driveways, sidewalks, swimming pool floors, etc., is slab jacking.

Slab jacking is done by elevating a cement grout into small, strategically placed openings in the concrete slab. Once in position, the grout hardens into a thick, sturdy mass and gives a good bearing for the cement slab.

If a soil-cement-lime grout is applied, the lime content of the slurry will allow the advantages of lime stabilization to the base. This mixed treatment replaces the slab to a good grade and stabilizes the sub-soil to prevent the re-occurrence of the problem.

Helical Piers

Helical piers, also known as anchors, are steel bars that contain helices (helix-shaped designs), which allow the beams to reach deep into the soil to stabilize the foundation of your home. These piers are known for working well with soft or damp soils—on the coast, for example.

For more significant problems, particularly those in the house and business building infrastructure shifting, hydraulic piers are typically used to raise and preserve the foundation.

Piecing includes the use of strategically located mechanical jackscrews to lift the sunk beam to grade. Must build the shaft carefully to avoid additional or unnecessary damage. Once submitted, the beam is fastened to elevation by a uniquely designed spread foundation and dock.

The foundation is set deep enough so that it will be independent of fluctuations in soil dampness. It is also intended to share the load without generating unwanted bulk or mass adequately. The pier is fastened into the footing with steel and holds the basement beam.



The soil sample in some regions of the country leads to a higher rate of foundation problems. Sites with high clay content and coastal areas with lots of sand lead to see the most maximum destruction. Therefore, homes in these areas are at higher risk for foundation issues.


Many homebuyers run for the hills if they see a home with basement issues. The concern is that fixing the house will cost thousands of dollars by boosting and adequately strengthening its foundation.

In some samples, you may be capable of getting a great deal on a home with foundation concerns. But make sure you realize what you are getting into. For example, some basement problems can be fixed quickly and affordably, while others may need a completely new foundation.


If you want to get top dollar for your house, it should be in near excellent shape. Most foundation companies propose a lifetime guarantee on their repairs that is transferable to the new buyers. In addition, it will give buyers peace of mind knowing that the issue has been addressed.

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